Natural Fibres

MATERIALS USED BY WESTIERI BEDS LTD

WOOL

Wool is the textile fibre obtained from sheep and certain other animals, including cashmere from goats, mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids. Wool has several qualities that distinguish it from hair or fur. It is crimped, is elastic, and it grows in staples known as clusters.  In addition to clothing, wool has been used for blankets, horse rugs, saddle cloths, carpeting, felt, wool insulation and upholstery. It is used to absorb odors and noise in heavy machinery and stereo speakers. Ancient Greeks lined their helmets with felt, and Roman legionnaires used breastplates made of wool felt. The amount of crimp corresponds to the fineness of the wool fibres. A fine wool like Merino may have up to 100 crimps per inch, while the coarser wools like karakul may have as few as one or two. In contrast, hair has little if any scale and no crimp, and little ability to bind into yarn. On sheep, the hair part of the fleece is called kemp. The relative amounts of kemp to wool vary from breed to breed and make some fleeces more desirable for spinning, felting, or carding into batts for quilts or other insulating products, including the famous tweed cloth of Scotland. In the manufacturing process of our beds, depending upon the different styles of mattress, we incorporate various and considerable quantities of Alpaca Wool, Spanish Lambs Wool, Shetland Wool and Merino Wool for the luxurious and performance qualities they provide. 

HORSE HAIR

There has been some speculation as to the first use of horsehair. Many sources indicate the Spaniards in the 8th century were the first to use horsehair as a textile.[8] However, the first documented use was from the 9th century Swiss used it. It was commonly used in the 19th century as upholstery stuffing such as for fabric sofas and as covering fabric for furniture. Horsehair fabrics are sought for their lustre, durability and care properties and mainly used for upholstery and interiors.

ALPACA WOOL

Habitat – (South America) Peru; Bolivia; Ecuador; Chile
Natural shades – grey, brown and white
Shearing – approx 1kg a year per animal 
Suitability –The Alpaca fleece is one of the most elite natural animal fibres. It is a soft, durable, luxurious and silky natural fibre. It is used in very high quality mattresses and is well known for it’s durability and the fibres are virtually indestructible. It is considerably warmer than sheep’s wool and has no lanolin which renders it hypoallergenic. Alpaca wool is naturally water repellent and has high resistance to flame ignition. It is ideally suited to people who suffer from sensitive skin.   

 

COTTON

The production of cotton can be traced back over 700 years. Like many natural fibres, cotton is beautifully soft, breathable and extremely comfortable against the skin. It is naturally hypoallergenic, strong and extremely durable. It has excellent absorbency characteristics and is an ideal fibre for people who suffer from asthma and skin conditions. It is also highly recognised as being consistent for temperature regulating. 

MOHAIR

Mohair is usually a silk-like fabric or yarn made from the hair of the Angora goat.Both durable and resilient, mohair is notable for its high lustre and sheen which has helped give it the nickname the "Diamond Fibre and is often used in fibre blends to add these qualities to a textile. Mohair is warm in winter as it has excellent insulating properties, while remaining cool in summer due to its moisture wicking properties. It is durable, naturally elastic, flame resistant, crease resistant, and does not felt. It is considered to be a luxury fibre like cashmere, angora and silk, and is usually more expensive than most wool that comes from sheep. Mohair is composed mostly of keratin, a protein found in the hair, wool, horns and skin of all mammals. While it has scales like wool, the scales are not fully developed, merely indicated. Thus, mohair does not felt as wool does.
Fine hair from younger animals is used for finer applications such as clothing, and the thicker hair from older animals is more often used for carpets and heavy fabrics intended for outerwear

SILK

Silk is a natural protein fibre,  some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The protein fibre  of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons.The best-known silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity sericulture. The shimmering appearance of silk is due to the triangular prism-like structure of the silk fibre, which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles, thus producing different colours. Silk fabric was first developed in ancient China. The earliest example of silk fabric is from 3630 BC, and it was used as wrapping for the body of a child from a Yangshao site in Qingtaicun at Xingyang, Henan.
Legend gives credit for developing silk to a Chinese empress, Leizu (Hsi-Ling-Shih, Lei-Tzu). Silks were originally reserved for the Emperors of China for their own use and gifts to others, but spread gradually through Chinese culture and trade both geographically and socially, and then to many regions of Asia. Because of its texture and lustre, silk rapidly became a popular luxury fabric in the many areas accessible to Chinese merchants. Silk was in great demand, and became a staple of pre-industrial international trade. 

CASHMERE WOOL

Cashmere Wool usually simply known as cashmere, is a fibre obtained from cashmere goats and other types of goat. Common usage defines the fibre as a wool but in fact it is a hair, and this is what gives it its unique characteristics as compared to sheep's wool. The word cashmere is an old spelling of Kashmir. Cashmere is fine in texture, strong, light, and soft. Garments made from it provide excellent insulation. Cashmere is softer than regular wool. Pure cashmere can be dyed and spun into yarns  and knitted into jumpers (sweaters), hats, gloves, socks and other clothing, or woven into fabrics then cut and assembled into garments such as outer coats, jackets, trousers (pants), pajamas,scarves, blankets, and other items. Fabric and garment producers in Scotland, Italy, and Japan have long been known as market leaders.